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  Property House For Sale, Land, Apartments etc.
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  Mansur Ishak SH Notaries & PPAT
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  CDI Flash Booster Your Car Engine
  Winry The Cutie Shop & Equine Gallery
  Erwin English Trainings
  Ibu Neng Antique Gallery
  Dharma Flowers & Fruits Nursery, Fresh Fruits
  La Rizz Traditional and Modern Cakes
  Free Excel Macros For Beginners

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Safri Ishak

ebet Business Directory

Email SafriSH@Yahoo.com
Phone (021)84876826, HP:081511401617.

Tebet Barat 5 no 12 Jakarta Selatan 12810.
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RoseGarden Townhouse
Tebet Business Directory
Arlet Laundry
Rekening BCA
No. 436 129 2698

a/n Safri Ishak

Cab. Tebet Barat

www.TB512.com was created as facility to learn how to develop a website, TB512property has been developed as a pilot project which consisted of advertising regarding house, shop, townhouse, apartment and land for sale etc.
TB512 is a logo of Tebet Barat 5 No 12 South Jakarta, Indonesia 12810 which is the address of my home as well as my virtual office Safri Ishak telephone 021-8296762 or mobile phone 0815 1140 1617.
More information about www.TB512.com Click HERE.

Almost 45 years I have never visited my home village, finally after several months of preparation among others contacting my youngest brother Noviar Ishak, and ordering online ticket, on Friday 06-MAR-2009 coincided with the birthday of our daughter Winry, we start the journey to my home village, Muntok Bangka.

In the morning at several minutes to six o’clock, we, our daughter Winry, my wife and I leave for the Airport Soekarno Hatta using taxi, through Pancoran Tebet toll road in the city and we arrived at the airport in less than one hour. Because it was the first time I was using an online ticket booking, I was somewhat confused when I wanted to check in, usually through the examination of the first security gate we must show ticket. In fact we only brought the form of ticket purchase confirmation as a computer print out, according to deliveryman it was good enough, seemingly computer print out considered have the same function before ticket, it is practical, thrifty paper and more environmentally friendly.

Check-in counter Jakarta to Pangkal Pinang flight open at 07:00 hours exactly according to the schedule, we bring two luggage with a total weight of 25 kg, for comparison later when returning to Jakarta, so how much added-by :).

Alhamdulillah, we boarded to the plane and took off on time. In the plane as usual the stewardess asked something to drink, I and Winry asked for green tea, and my wife asked for a cup of coffee, after a stewardess served our order she said “it costs thirty-eight thousand sir”, I thought it was for free …. :)

In the year of 1961, was the first time I went to Jakarta from Muntok by ship, now it was the first time I saw Bangka island from the air, I could not compare whether Bangka is the same as before, but according to some of the passengers the forest is damaged due to Bangka tin mining.

The aircraft landed at the airport Depati Amir Pangkal Pinang on time and our younger brother Noviar and Cita have come to meet us. After I am collecting the goods, we drive towards the city, nearly eleven o'clock we arrived in the city and the first event is having lunch.

MORE ......

Tebet Business Directory Alamat Usaha Kita
Free Posting IKLAN GRATIS, send your name, address, telephone, email id, website and brief description of your business to AdminTebetbarat.com

Banners Posting, hanya Rp 50,000 per year, please email Logo, URL and Brief Description to Safri
Silahkan transfer pembayaran ke Rekening BCA No. 436 129 2698 a/n Safri Ishak, BCA Cabang Tebet Barat.
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Pita Sulam Order & Training

Coleman Tent
Website: coleman-tent.com
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For busy people like us who live in this modern time, there is much responsibility that we have to many things around us. There is responsibility to our job, which is mean we have to improve our working performance and our quality to made best result for our job. And it's important, knowing the competition level that happen in the business world these days. Also, we have responsibility to the nature, and it's actually become the main task for human to preserve the nature because only them who can do this. But every people has their limit, so their work. And for that, they need some vacation.

And if you ask me what the best vacation for them, I say they have to back to nature and try to relax and enjoy the nature where they're actually come from. And it's mean by doing camp activity. So, what we need for this activity?

There are main and important things that we need for camping, which is tent. Tent becomes our second house and the protection. Coleman tent is one of the best tent products that you can choose. This company has started this production since 100 years ago, so, we can trust to this company's product. So, now you just need to buy the Coleman tent for your camp activity.

There are some choices that you can take for your camping activity. If you have low budget, you can choose the Sundome Coleman tent. This 7' x 7' will perfect for your vacation. With wider room inside and 52 inch height, it fit for 3 people. But you also must be careful for the extreme cold weather when you use this tent. Because it using fiberglass poles, which are tend to broke in cold weather. But, out of that, with the price around $50 plus shipping, this tent will perfect for you.

Second choice, if you want to have vacation with all of your family, you can choose Family Dome Coleman tent. This 14' x 14' tent wide can hold 8 adults, and it has 74 inch height, so you can stand and easily move inside the tent. With two doors make it easy to going in and out. You can have this tent for $160 plus shipping.

To get the best time for your camping activity with Coleman tent, there are many things that you can do to improve its function, like seal it seam for precaution of the heavy rain that may be able to penetrate the protection that Coleman tent give to you. More of that, this tent are worthy to have and use for your vacation.

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Rose Garden

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Hidangan MIRAH
makan di pondok ENAK, di rumah ENAK, di kantor ENAK.

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ARLET Laundry & Dry
Cleaning Services
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Terasi Bangka Sangrai, Belacan, Rusip, Empek Empek

IBU FARIDA: HP 0815 969 1943 TELP (021) 781 0228
Jl Langga Raya No. 44 Rt 009 Rw 002 Lenteng Agung Jakarta Selatan 12610
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La Rizz Traditional and Modern Cakes
Untuk pemesanan dapat menghubungi : 021-94013174 atau 0818-0699RIZZ
email ke ina3108@gmail.com
Peternak adalah Profesi Mulia "Semua Nabi pernah menggembala kambing", kata Rasulullah saw. dalam suatu perbincangan dengan para Sahabat. Seorang Sahabat bertanya, "Engkau sendiri bagaimana, ya Rasul?". "Aku sendiri pernah menggembala kambing," jawab Nabi.
Informasi Ternak Domba Garut & Penyediaan Bibit serta Pengadaan Hewan Qurban KLIK.
Pemberdayaan Peternak adalah salah satu bagian dari pengembangan Kampoeng Ternak guna menghidupkan potensi lokal masyarakat yang berbasis peternakan untuk meningkatkan kesejahteraan ekonomi masyarakat dhuafa, khususnya di pedesaan. Potensi pasar kambing-domba dan sapi yang cukup besar ini, belum di dukung sepenuhnya oleh ketersediaan stok hewan yang memadai, baik secara kwalitas maupun kwantitas.
Berita Terbaru | Info Bakalan Sapi | Layanan Akikah | Layanan Qurban

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Indonesian Folklore
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Umpit and the Wild Hogs
Folklore from Bangka Belitung

A long time ago in Bangka, lived a hunter. His name was Umpit.
He was called Umpit because he always went hunting using his blowpipe. The villagers liked him very much. Umpit often hunted the wild hogs. Those animals often destroyed the villagers’ plantation. After Umpit killed the wild hogs, the villagers gave him some money.
Pak Raje was the richest man in the village. Nobody liked him. He was very stingy. He did not like to donate his money. One day he asked Umpit to hunt the wild hogs. Umpit agreed. At night he was prepared and waited at the Pak Raje’s plantation.
While he was waiting, suddenly seven wild hogs entered the plantation. Umpit prepared his blowpipe.
Then, whoosssh! One of the hogs was shot.
Amazingly, the hog disappeared.
Umpit could not find the hog anywhere.
However he found blood shed on the ground. He followed the blood trail. It went to the jungle. Finally the blood trail stopped in a big cave. Slowly he entered the cave. Then he heard a voice.
“ Who are you?”
“ My name is Umpit.
I’m looking for a wounded hog. I shot it using my blowpipe.”
“ So, it’s you! You are the man who hurt my daughter!”
Slowly a woman appeared in front of him.
“ Come, follow me,” said the woman.
She then pointed a girl. She was wounded. Her leg was bleeding.
“ She was not a real hog. We are the goddess of the jungle. I will forgive you, but you have to cure my daughter.”
Umpit was so scared. He did not know that it was not the real hog. He then took some leaves. He knew some medication because his parents taught him before.
He put the leaves on the wound. After a while, the girl was cured. The woman then gave Umpit a present. Umpit immediately went home. He ran very fast.
At home, Umpit immediately opened the present. Wow! He got jewelries, gold and diamond. Umpit sold the jewelries and now he became a rich man.
Pak Raje heard that Umpit had become a rich man. He asked Umpit how he became rich. After he knew all about it, he borrowed Umpit’s blowpipe.
He waited at his plantation, and he shot a wild hog.
He followed the blood trail and arrived at the cave. He met the woman and the injured girl. Pak Raje was asked to cure the girl. But he could not do that, and that made the woman angry. She asked all the wild hogs to attack Pak Raje.
Pak Raje ran very fast. He went to Umpit’s house. He asked Umpit to help him from the wild hogs. He agreed to help if only Pak Raje donated some of his money. Pak Raje said yes and he also promised he would be helpful to the villagers. ***

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Folklore from Bangka Belitung

A long time ago in Bangka Belitung lived a husband and a wife. They were poor and they did not have any children yet. Days and nights they prayed to God. They really wanted to have a child.
“God, please give us a child, even though he is only as big as a little finger,” prayed the husband.
Their dream came true! The wife was pregnant. However they were surprised when they saw the baby. He was so small. He was as big as a little finger.
“You prayed to God to give us a child, although he is as big as a little finger right? Be thankful to God. Let’s love him. How will you name him then?” asked the wife.
“You are right. We have to be grateful. Well, I will name him Kelingking,” said the husband. Kelingking means little finger.
Time passed by and Kelingking did not grow much. His body was still physically small compared to other kids. Though he was so small, Kelingking ate like adults. He ate much food. And that made his parents really worried. They were poor and sometimes they could not eat because they had to give their food to Kelingking.
“I cannot hold it anymore. I want to put Kelingking in the jungle. Let him live there. I think he can survive,” said the father.
In the morning, Kelingking and his father went to the jungle. When they arrived, the father asked Kelingking to cut down a very big tree. When Kelingking was busy cutting down the tree, his father silently went home. The father thought that Kelingking could not cut down the big tree. The father was sure that Kelingking would be lost in the jungle. But he was wrong! In the morning Kelingking suddenly showed up in front of the house. And he brought the big tree also!
“Father, where do you want me to put this big tree?” asked Kelingking. The father was surprised. He asked Kelingking to put the tree in the backyard. Kelingking then went inside the house. As always he ate all the food and that made his father got angry. He then had another idea.
“Kelingking, let’s go to the mountain. I need a big stone from there.” Kelingking was an obedient kid. He followed his father to go to the mountain. When they arrived, his father pointed a big stone. The stone was as big as their house!
“I want you to bring that big stone to our house,” asked the father. When Kelingking was trying to bring the stone, the father immediately ran home. At night, when the father was sleeping , suddenly he heard Kelingking’s voice.“Father, I’m home. Where do you want me to put this big stone?”
This time Kelingking’s father realized his mistake. It was true that Kelingking’s body was small and he ate much food. But he was a nice kid and he had great power. With that power, they could get a job and had a lot of money. The father then apologized to Kelingking. Since then they always worked together. ***

Bujang Katak
Folklore from Bangka Belitung

There was an old woman. She lived alone in her hut. She was a poor farmer. She was getting older and getting weaker. She did not have husband but she prayed to god to give her a son. She hoped her son could help her work in the rice field.
“ God, please give me a son. I really want to have a son although he looks like a frog”, prayed the old woman.
God answered her pray. She was pregnant. Later the baby was born. Surprisingly the baby looked like a frog. His head and his skin were like frog’s head and skin. At first, the old woman was sad. However, later on she was grateful to god. She raised her son with great love. The baby grew as a kind man. He was very strong and obedient to his mother. People called him Bujang Katak. Bujang means a young man and Katak means a frog.
Later Bujang Katak was adult. He wanted to get married. However he did not want to marry the girl in his village. He wanted to marry one of the king’s seven daughters’!
He told his plan to his mother. She was sad. She knew that the king would reject his married proposal. But she did not want to see her son sad. And later they arrived at the palace. Bujang Katak told the king about the married proposal.
“ I really appreciate your courage young man. But I can not make any decision. I will ask my seven daughters to give their opinions and decisions”, said the king.
One by one all the seven daughters talked. The first daughter didn’t say good things about Bujang Katak. She insulted him. “You are so ugly. No wonder people call you Bujang Katak. You really look like a frog. I don’t want to have a husband who looks like a frog”, said the first daughter.
The second daughter also said bad things to him. “You are very poor. I don’t want to have a poor husband”. So the other daughters talked bad things about him.
Finally the youngest daughter had her turn to talk. She was the most beautiful and kindest daughter. She didn’t say bad things about him. She accepted Bujang Katak’s married proposal! “I will marry him, Father” said the youngest daughter to the king.
Everybody was surprised. All the elders’ sisters were laughing at her. The king was shocked! He never thought that one of his daughters would marry Bujang Katak. He wanted to cancel the married. So he asked Bujang Katak to do something very difficult.
“ I will let you marry my daughter but you have to build a golden bridge from your house to this palace”, said the king.
Bujang Katak and his mother went home. His mother was very sad and confused.
“ How can you build a golden bridge, Son?” she asked Bujang Katak. “Don’t worry, Mother. I will pray to God to help me”, said Bujang Katak.
Then Bujang Katak prayed days and nights. One night, amazing things happened. His frog’s skin removed from his body. His head also changed. He became a very handsome man. His mother burned the removed skin. Amazingly the skin changed into gold. They had a lot of gold. Slowly they built a bridge using the gold.
Finally the bridge was built from they house to the king’s palace. The youngest daughter was very happy. Her husband was very handsome and also very rich. He had a lot of gold. All her sisters were jealous. They were even more jealous when the king asked Bujang Katak to be the new king.

The Story of Panyalahan Village
Folklore from West Java

LONG time ago in Tasikmalaya, West Java, lived a young couple. They were farmers. They lived happily with their baby. The couple also had some animals. One of them was a tiger. When the couple went to work on the paddy field, the tiger looked after their baby. As usual, the couple went to the paddy field. Before they left, they asked the tiger to look after their baby. “We will go to the field now. Look after our baby, okay?” The tiger nodded. So, the couple went to the field. They worked from morning until afternoon. When the couple arrived home, the tiger welcomed them. The tiger acted differently. He wagged his tail and rubbed his body to the couple’s legs. He looked very happy. The husband became suspicious. “Why does this tiger behave strangely? He does not act as usual?” he thought. The husband looked at the tiger carefully. He was shocked. The tiger’s mouth was full of blood. Then he remembered his baby. He thought the tiger had eaten the baby. “Why is your mouth full of blood?” he asked the tiger. “You must have done something bad to my baby! Have you killed him? Why did you do that?” he was very panicked. The husband took his knife and killed the tiger in anger. Then they both entered the house. They were shocked. They looked at each other. Their baby was sleeping peacefully in his cradle. He was not eaten by the tiger. Quickly, the wife took the baby and kissed him. The baby woke up. He opened his eyes and smiled. The couple found a very large snake under the cradle. The snake was dead and full of blood. “Oh, my wife,” the husband said. “We have done a terrible thing. The tiger is not guilty! Look at the dead snake. The tiger must have killed him. He had saved our baby, but I killed him. Oh, my God! What have I done? I am so sorry. Forgive me, my dear tiger. Forgive me, please?” The couple felt very guilty. They have killed their faithful tiger. It all happened because they did not check the baby first before they killed the tiger. Since then, the couple’s village was called Panyalahan. The word Panyalahan derives from the word “nyalahan”, which means “wrong guess”. ***

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Building material
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Building material is any material which is used for a construction purpose. See this outside definition. Many naturally occurring substances, such as clay, sand, wood and rocks, even twigs and leaves have been used to construct buildings. Apart from naturally occurring materials, many man-made products are in use, some more and some less synthetic. The manufacture of building materials is an established industry in many countries and the use of these materials is typically segmented into specific speciality trades, such as carpentry, plumbing, roofing and insulation work. This reference deals with habitats and structures including homes.


Power tool
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A power tool is a tool powered by an electric motor, a compressed air motor, or a gasoline engine. Power tools are classified as either stationary or portable, where portable means handheld. They are used in industry, in construction, and around the house for cutting, shaping, drilling, sanding, painting, grinding, and polishing. Stationary power tools for metalworking are usually called machine tools. The term machine tool is not usually applied to stationary power tools for woodworking, although such usage is occasionally heard, and in some cases, such as drill presses and bench grinders, the exact same tool is used for both woodworking and metalworking.

The lathe is the oldest power tool, being known to the ancient Egyptians (albeit in a hand-powered form). Early industrial revolution-era factories had batteries of power tools driven by belts from overhead shafts. The prime power source was a water wheel or (later) a steam engine. The introduction of the electric motor (and electric distribution networks) in the 1880s made possible the self-powered stationary and portable tools we know today.

Stationary power tools are prized not only for their speed, but for their accuracy. A table saw not only cuts faster than a hand saw, but the cuts are smoother, straighter and more square than even the most skilled man can do with a hand saw. Lathes produce truly round objects that cannot be made in any other way.

An electric motor is the universal choice to power stationary tools. Portable electric tools may be either corded or battery-powered. At present (2007) the limitations of battery life, energy capacity, and cost keep the corded versions on the market. Compressed air is the customary power source for nailers and paint sprayers. A few tools (called powder-actuated tools) are powered by explosive cartridges. Gasoline-powered tools such as chain saws and weed whackers are made for outdoor use.

Common power tools include the drill, various types of saws, the router, the electric sander, and the lathe.

The term power tool is also used in a more general sense, meaning a technique for greatly simplifying a complex or difficult task.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation, and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature. The garden can incorporate both natural and man-made materials. The most common form is known as a residential garden. Western gardens are almost universally based around plants. Zoos, which display wild animals in simulated natural habitats, were formerly called zoological gardens.

See traditional types of eastern gardens, such as Zen gardens, use plants such as parsley. Xeriscape gardens use local native plants that do not require irrigation or extensive use of other resources while still providing the benefits of a garden environment. Gardens may exhibit structural enhancements, sometimes called follies, including water features such as fountains, ponds (with or without fish), waterfalls or creeks, dry creek beds, statuary, arbors, trellises and more.

Some gardens are for ornamental purposes only, while some gardens also produce food crops, sometimes in separate areas, or sometimes intermixed with the ornamental plants. Food-producing gardens are distinguished from farms by their smaller scale, more labor-intensive methods, and their purpose (enjoyment of a hobby rather than produce for sale).

Gardening is the activity of growing and maintaining the garden. This work is done by an amateur or professional gardener. A gardener might also work in a non-garden setting, such as a park, a roadside embankment, or other public space. Landscape architecture is a related professional activity with landscape architects tending to specialise in design for public and corporate clients.

The term "garden" in British English refers to an enclosed area of land, usually adjoining a building. This would be referred to as a yard in American English. Flower gardens combine plants of different heights, colors, textures, and fragrances to create interest and delight the senses.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A flower, also known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms). The biological function of a flower is to mediate the union of male sperm with female ovum in order to produce seeds. The process begins with pollination, is followed by fertilization, leading to the formation and dispersal of the seeds. For the higher plants, seeds are the next generation, and serve as the primary means by which individuals of a species are dispersed across the landscape. The grouping of flowers on a plant are called the inflorescence.

In addition to serving as the reproductive organs of flowering plants, flowers have long been admired and used by humans, mainly to beautify their environment but also as a source of food.

Flower specialization and pollination

Each flower has a specific design which best encourages the transfer of its pollen. Cleistogamous flowers are self pollinated, after which, they may or may not open. Many Viola and some Salvia species are known to have these types of flowers.

Entomophilous flowers attract and use insects, bats, birds or other animals to transfer pollen from one flower to the next. Flowers commonly have glands called nectaries on their various parts that attract these animals. Some flowers have patterns, called nectar guides, that show pollinators where to look for nectar. Flowers also attract pollinators by scent and color. Still other flowers use mimicry to attract pollinators. Some species of orchids, for example, produce flowers resembling female bees in color, shape, and scent. Flowers are also specialized in shape and have an arrangement of the stamens that ensures that pollen grains are transferred to the bodies of the pollinator when it lands in search of its attractant (such as nectar, pollen, or a mate). In pursuing this attractant from many flowers of the same species, the pollinator transfers pollen to the stigmas—arranged with equally pointed precision—of all of the flowers it visits.

Anemophilous flowers use the wind to move pollen from one flower to the next, examples include the grasses, Birch trees, Ragweed and Maples. They have no need to attract pollinators and therefore tend not to be "showy" flowers. Male and female reproductive organs are generally found in separate flowers, the male flowers having a number of long filaments terminating in exposed stamens, and the female flowers having long, feather-like stigmas. Whereas the pollen of entomophilous flowers tends to be large-grained, sticky, and rich in protein (another "reward" for pollinators), anemophilous flower pollen is usually small-grained, very light, and of little nutritional value to insects.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Property means Right of Action for things that can be exchanged. Important types of property include real property (land), personal property (other physical possessions), and intellectual property (rights over artistic creations, inventions, etc.). A right of ownership is associated with property that establishes the relation between the goods/services and other individuals or groups, assuring the owner the right to dispense with the property in a manner he or she sees fit. Some philosophers assert that property rights arise from social convention. Others find origins for them in morality or natural law (e.g. Saint Irenaeus).


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

House generally refers to a shelter or building that is a dwelling or place for habitation by human beings. The term includes many kinds of dwellings ranging from rudimentary huts of nomadic tribes to high-rise apartment buildings.[1] However, the word can also be used as a verb ("to house"), and can have adjectival formations as well. In some contexts, "house" may mean the same as dwelling, residence, home, abode, accommodation, housing, lodging, among other meanings.

The social unit that lives in a house is known as a household. Most commonly, a household is a family unit of some kind, though households can be other social groups, such as single persons, or groups of unrelated individuals. Settled agrarian and industrial societies are composed of household units living permanently in housing of various types, according to a variety of forms of land tenure. English-speaking people generally call any building they routinely occupy "home". Many people leave their houses during the day for work and recreation but typically return to them to sleep or for other activities.


Some houses transcend the basic functionality of providing "a roof over one's head" or of serving as a family "hearth and home". When a house becomes a display-case for wealth and/or fashion and/or conspicuous consumption, we may speak of a "great house". The residence of a feudal lord or of a ruler may require defensive structures and thus turn into a fort or a castle. The house of a monarch may come to house courtiers and officers as well as the royal family: this sort of house may become a palace. Moreover, in time the lord or monarch may wish to retreat to a more personal or simple space such as a villa, a hunting lodge or a dacha. Compare the popularity of the holiday house or cottage, also known as a crib.

In contrast to a relatively upper class or modern trend to ownership of multiple houses, much of human history shows the importance of multi-purpose houses. Thus the house long served as the traditional place of work (the original cottage industry site or "in-house" small-scale manufacturing workshop) or of commerce (featuring, for example, a ground floor "shop-front" shop or counter or office, with living space above). During the Industrial Revolution there was a separation of manufacturing and banking from the house, though to this day some shopkeepers continue (or have returned) to live "over the shop".


Main article: House plan

Ideally, architects of houses design rooms to meet the needs of the people who will live in the house. Such designing, known as "interior design", has become a popular subject in universities. Feng shui, originally a Chinese method of situating houses according to such factors as sunlight and micro-climates, has recently expanded its scope to address the design of interior spaces with a view to promoting harmonious effects on the people living inside the house. Feng shui can also mean the 'aura' in or around a dwelling. Compare the real-estate sales concept of "indoor-outdoor flow".

The square footage of a house in the United States reports the area of "living space", excluding the garage and other non-living spaces. The "square meters" figure of a house in Europe reports the area of the walls enclosing the home, and thus includes any attached garage and non-living spaces.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Holcim is one of the world's leading suppliers of cement and aggregates (crushed stone, sand and gravel) as well as further activities such as ready-mix concrete and asphalt including associated construction services. Like its major global competitor, Lafarge, Holcim is a major consumer of fossil fuels, particularly coal, which is essential to the cement making process.

Holcim Group

The Holcim Group holds majority and minority interests in more than 70 countries on all continents. From its origins in Switzerland, the Group has grown into a global player with strong market presence in over 70 countries on all continents. The Group employs some 90,000 people. Holcim initiated production of cement in 1912 in the village of Holderbank, (Lenzburg district, Canton of Aargau, ca. 40 km from Zürich) and used the name Holderbank AG until 2001 when they changed it to Holcim. It currently (2006) vies with Lafarge to be the world's largest cement manufacturer.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

TOTO Ltd. was founded in 1917. It is a company based in Kitakyushu, Japan. It is Japan's largest toilet manufacturer, and the fourth largest in the world. We're trying to dominate the world, unfortunately America has been one of the most difficult continents we've faced. It has been specially hard to remove the local culture from citizens in the US and Mexico, to replace them with our fellows from Japan.

Our growing plans started by expanding operations into Mexico on 2006 and started our plant in Nuevo Leon, Mexico back in 2007. Our plan is to expand to Latin America and Central America in the short term. Our current distribution channels will have to the changed from a centralized to a distributed one. A new distribution center will be installed near to our plan to serve all latin america, correct distribution defficiencies and bypass the restrictions on the current distributor. In order to take full control on the distribution channels, we installed a distribution office in Panama which will become the central axis for LatinAmerica wihtin the next years.

Employee is an asset for TOTO, meanwhile salary and benefits remain as lowest as possible. Japanese citizens are our key value and will make whatever possible to give priority on them over other citizenship. We honor local poliices, rules and authorities, unless they interfere with our profit and operations. If so, we'll ignore their authority and will operate under our rules and policies. Of course our lawyer parters are a key and important asset & value for us while they allow us to operate ignoring local policies.

Union is a key element since it allow us to manipulate people and do whatever we need & require.

The name "TOTO" is an abbreviation of the two Japanese words forming its full name, Toyo Toki. The company invented and patented the Washlet. Plants outside Japan are:

* Beijing Toto, China
* Taiwan Toto
* Siam Sanitaryware, Thailand
* Toto, USA
* Toto Eastchina, China
* P.T. Surya Toto, Indonesia
* Cienega de Flores, Mexico
* Toto Vietnam

Toto has currently set up business in England, where they operate thorugh a joint venture with, Colombian cleaning services Ltd. Located in Derby, Nottinghamshire.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Peranakan and Baba-Nyonya are terms used for the descendants of late 18th Century Chinese immigrants to the Nusantara region during the Colonial era, especially the British Straits Settlements of Malaya and the Dutch-controlled island of Java and other locations, who have adopted partially or in full Malay customs in a (chronological adaptation) to be somewhat assimilated into the local communities. While the term Peranakan is most commonly used among the ethnic Chinese for those of Chinese descent also known as Straits Chinese (????; named after the Straits Settlements), there are also other, comparatively small so-called Peranakan communities, such as Indian Hindu Peranakans (Chitty), Indian Muslim Peranakans (Jawi Pekan)(Jawi being the Javanised Arabic script[1]., Pekan a colloquial contraction of Peranakan.) and Eurasian Peranakans (Kristang.) (Kirstang= Christians).

In both Malay and Indonesian, 'Peranakan' is defined as 'descendant' with no connotation of the ethnicity of decent unless followed by a subsequent qualifying noun, such as for example Cina (Chinese), Belanda(Dutch) or Jepang (Japanese). Peranakan has the implied connotation of referring to the ancestry of great-grandparents or more distant ancestors.
[Baba|Baba_(honorific]] is a Persian loan-word borrowed by Malaysian as an honorific solely for grandparents- co-opted to refer to the Straits-Chinese males. The term originated from Hindustani speakers such as vendors and traders and become part of common vulgar vernacular. Female descendants were either called or styled themselves Nyonyas. The word nyonya (also commonly misspelled nonya) is a Javanese loan honorific word from Dutch Nona(grandma) meaning: foreign married Madam. The term for Straits-Chinese addressed as nyonya originated as Javanese at the time had a tendency to address all foreign women (and perhaps those who appeared foreign) as nyonya.

Straits-Chinese are defined as those born or living in the Straits Settlements- a British colonial construct of Penang, Meleka and Singapore constituted in 1826. Straits-Chinese were not considered Baba Nyonya unless they displayed certain Sino-Malay syncretic attributes.

Most Peranakan are of Hoklo (Hokkien) ancestry, although a sizable number are of Teochew or Cantonese descent. Originally, the Peranakan were part Chinese, part Malay. Baba Nyonoya are a subgroup within Chinese communities, are the descendants of Sino-indigenous unions in Melaka and Penang. It was not uncommon for early Chinese traders to take Malay women of Peninsular Malay or Sumatera as wives or concubines[11] Consequently the Baba Nyonya possessed a synergistic mix of Sino-Malay cultural traits.[12][13]
Written records from the 19th and early 20th centuries show that Peranakan men usually took brides from within the local Peranakan community. Peranakan families occasionally imported brides from China and sent their daughters to China to find husbands.
Some sources claim that the early Peranakan inter-married with the local Malay population; this might derive from the fact that some of the servants who settled in Bukit Cina who traveled to Malacca with the Admiral from Yunnan were Muslim Chinese. Other experts, however, see a general lack of physical resemblance, leading them to believe that the Peranakan Chinese ethnicity has hardly been diluted. Some Peranakan distinguish between Peranakan-Baba (those Peranakan with part Malay ancestry) from Peranakan (those without any Malay ancestry).

The language of the Peranakans, Baba Malay (Bahasa Melayu Baba), is a dialect of the Malay language (Bahasa Melayu), which contains many Hokkien words. It is a dying language, and its contemporary use is mainly limited to members of the older generation. English has now replaced this as the main language spoken amongst the younger generation.

In Indonesia, young peranakans can still speak their creole language, its use is limited to informal occasions, young Peranakans occasionally add up new words (and lose some words) for their own slang. Normally there is a gap of words between old Peranakans and young Peranakans.

In the 15th century, some small city-states of the Malay Peninsula often paid tribute to various kingdoms such as those of China and Siam. Close relations with China were established in the early 15th century during the reign of Parameswara when Admiral Zheng He (Cheng Ho), a Muslim Chinese, visited Malacca and Java. According to a legend in 1459 CE, the Emperor of China sent a princess, Hang Li Po, to the Sultan of Malacca as a token of appreciation for his tribute. The royalty and servants who accompanied the princess initially settled in Bukit Cina and eventually grew into a class of Straits-born Chinese known as the Peranakan.


The Peranakan retained most of their ethnic and religious origins (such as ancestor worship), but assimilated the language and culture of the Malays. The Nyonya's clothing was identical to that of the native Malay's: baju panjang (long dress), batik sarung (batik wrap-around skirt) and kerongsang (brooch). Beaded slippers called Kasut Manek were a hand-made made with much skill and patience: strung, beaded and sewn onto canvas with tiny faceted glass beads from Bohemia (present-day Czech Republic). In modern times, glass beads from Japan are preferred. Traditional kasut manek design often have European floral subjects, with colors influenced by Peranakan porcelain and batik sarongs. They were made onto flats or bedroom slippers. But from the 1930s, modern shapes became popular and heels were added.

In Indonesia, the Peranakans develop their own Kebaya, most notably 'kebaya encim', and developed their own batik patterns, which incorporate symbols from China.

Baba Nyonya subscribed to Chinese beliefs: Taoism, Confucianism and Chinese Buddhism, celebrated the Lunar New Year and the Lantern Festival, while adopting the customs of the land they settled in, as well as those of their colonial rulers. There are traces of Portuguese, Dutch, British, Malay and Indonesian influences in Baba culture.[14]

Ayam buah keluak, a traditional Peranakan dish

From the Malay influence a unique "Nyonya" cuisine has developed using typical Malay spices. Examples are Chicken Kapitan, a dry chicken curry, and Inchi Kabin, a Nyonya version of fried chicken.

It was not uncommon for early Chinese traders to take Malay women of Peninsular Malay or Sumatera as wives or concubines Consequently the Baba Nyonya possessed a synergistic mix of Sino-Malay cultural traits.
Written records from the 19th and early 20th centuries show that Peranakan men usually took brides from within the local Peranakan community. Peranakan families occasionally imported brides from China and sent their daughters to China to find husbands.
Marriages within the community and of similar stature were the norm. Wealthy men prefigured to marry a chin choay: or matrilocal marriage where husband moved in with wife's family.[18]
Proposals of marriage were made by a gift of a pinangan, a 2-tiered lacquered basket, to the intended bride's parents brought by a go-between who speaks on behalf of the suitor. Most Peranakans are not Muslim, and have retained the traditions of ancestor worship of the Chinese, though some converted to Christianity.
The wedding ceremony of the Peranakan is largely based on Chinese tradition, and is one of the most colorful wedding ceremonies in Malaysia and Singapore. At weddings, the Dondang Sayang, a form of extempore rhyming song in Malay sung and danced by guests at the wedding party, was a highlight. Someone would begin a romantic theme which was carried on by others, each taking the floor in turn, dancing in slow gyrations as they sang. It required quick wit and repartee and often gave rise to laughter and applause when a particularly clever phrase was sung. The melodic accents of the Baba-Nonya and their particular turns of phrase lend to the charm of this performance.
Multichrome enamel porcelain tea tray with a traditional Peranakan "fenghuang"

Historical and cultural items from the Baba culture are displayed in cultural establishments on Heeren Street, Jonker Street and other streets in the same neighborhood in Malacca and in Penang in Malaysia, and at the Peranakan Museum in Singapore. There one can find museums displaying furniture, food stuff, and even traditional clothes of the Baba and Nonya. There are also a small number of "Nyonya" restaurants in Singapore, Penang, Malacca, Jakarta, Semarang, Surabaya, and the West. Free weekly street shows featuring Baba performances, and traditional and pop Chinese cultural performances are found in Jonker Street in Malacca (Melaka). The shows are part of the night market (pasar malam) scene, and are usually crowded with shoppers, both local and foreign.
In Indonesia a large population of Peranakans can be found in Tangerang, West Java.

Current Status
Peranakan culture is disappearing in Malaysia and Singapore. Without colonial British support for their perceived racial neutrality, government policies in both countries following independence from the British have resulted in the assimilation of Peranakans back into mainstream Chinese culture. In Singapore, the Peranakans are classified as ethnically Chinese, so they receive formal instruction in Mandarin Chinese as a second language (in accordance with the "Mother Tongue Policy") instead of Malay. In Malaysia, the standardization of Malay as Bahasa Melayu — required for all ethnic groups — has led to a disappearance of the unique characteristics of Baba Malay.
In Indonesia, the peranakan culture is losing popularity to modern western culture, but to some degree Peranakans try to retain their language, cuisines and customs. Young Peranakans still speak their creole language, although many young women don't wear the kebaya, and marriages normally follow western culture.
The migration of some Peranakan families, particularly the well-to-do, has led to a small Peranakan diaspora to neighboring countries, from Vietnam to Australia. However, these communities are very small, and with the increasing use of the various languages in their respective countries, the use of Peranakan Malay or Baba Malay has been diluted.

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